• Speech, Language & Hearing Milestones by Age

    Source https://www.asha.org/public/speech/development/23/

    Two to Three Years

    Hearing and Understanding Talking


    • Understands opposites, like go–stop, big–little, and up–down.
    • Follows 2-part directions, like "Get the spoon and put it on the table."
    • Understands new words quickly.


    • Has a word for almost everything.
    • Talks about things that are not in the room.
    • Uses k, g, f, t, d, and n in words.
    • Uses words like inon, and under.
    • Uses two- or three- words to talk about and ask for things.
    • People who know your child can understand him.
    • Asks “Why?”
    • Puts 3 words together to talk about things. May repeat some words and sounds.

    Three to Four Years

    Hearing and Understanding Talking


      • Responds when you call from another room.
      • Understands words for some colors, like redblue, and green.
      • Understands words for some shapes, like circle and square.
      • Understands words for family, like brothergrandmother,

                         and aunt.


    • Answers simple who, what, and where questions.
    • Says rhyming words, like hatcat.
    • Uses pronouns, like Iyoumewe, and they.
    • Uses some plural words, like toysbirds, and buses.
    • Most people understand what your child says.
    • Asks when and how questions.
    • Puts 4 words together. May make some mistakes, like “I goed to school.”
    • Talks about what happened during the day. Uses about 4 sentences at a time.

    Four to Five Years

    Hearing and Understanding Talking


    • Understands words for order, like firstnext, and last.
    • Understands words for time, like yesterdaytoday, and tomorrow.
    • Follows longer directions, like “Put your pajamas on, brush your teeth, and then pick out a book.”
    • Follows classroom directions, like “Draw a circle on your paper around something you eat.”
    • Hears and understands most of what she hears at home and in school.


    • Says all speech sounds in words. May make mistakes on sounds that are harder to say, like lsrvzchsh, and th.
    • Responds to “What did you say?”
    • Talks without repeating sounds or words most of the time.
    • Names letters and numbers.
    • Uses sentences that have more than 1 action word, like jumpplay, and get. May make some mistakes, like “Zach gots 2 video games, but I got one.”
    • Tells a short story.
    • Keeps a conversation going.
    • Talks in different ways, depending on the listener and place. Your child may use short sentences with younger children. He may talk louder outside than inside.