What is Speech Language Therapy?
Speech therapy is the evaluation and treatment of speech and language disorders. For your child, speech therapy may take place in a classroom or small group, or one-on-one depending on your child's individual needs. During speech therapy for children, the SLP may:
- interact through talking and playing, and using books, pictures, other objects as part of language intervention to help stimulate language development
- model correct sounds and syllables for a child during age-appropriate play to teach the child how to make certain sounds
- provide strategies and homework for the child and parent or caregiver on how to do speech therapy at home
Some areas that may be focused on include:
- Speech sounds - how we say sounds and put sounds together into words
- Language - how well we understand what we hear or read and how we use words to tell others what we are thinking
- Social Communication - how well we follow rules, like taking turns, how to talk to different people, or how close to stand to someone when talking. This is also called pragmatics.
- Voice - how our voices sound. We may sound hoarse, lose our voices easily, talk too loudly or through our noses, or be unable to make sounds.
- Fluency - also called stuttering, is how well speech flows. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds, like t-t-t-table, use "um" or "uh," or pause a lot when talking. Many young children will go through a time when they stutter, but most outgrow it.